Classic Vanilla Sponge Cake Recipe

 The Classic Vanilla Sponge Cake – A Timeless Delight

The Classic Vanilla Sponge Cake stands as a pillar in the world of baking, admired for its simplicity, versatility, and delicate flavor. This cake, with its light and airy texture, serves as the foundation for countless desserts, from layer cakes to trifle bases, and is loved by bakers and dessert enthusiasts alike.


The Origins of Sponge Cake

Sponge cake has a long history, with origins tracing back to Renaissance Europe. Early versions of sponge cake were likely simple mixtures of flour, sugar, and eggs, beaten to create a light and airy texture. The introduction of baking powder and other leavening agents in the 19th century helped refine the sponge cake into the fluffy delight we know today.


The Science Behind the Perfect Sponge

Achieving the perfect sponge cake requires understanding a bit of kitchen science. The light and airy texture of a sponge cake is primarily due to the incorporation of air into the eggs and sugar mixture. When eggs are beaten with sugar, the mixture traps air, creating a foam. This foam is stabilized by the proteins in the eggs and the sugar, which helps maintain the structure during baking.

The gentle folding technique used to incorporate the dry ingredients ensures that the air bubbles are not deflated, preserving the cake’s light texture. Additionally, the warm milk and melted butter in this recipe add moisture and richness, balancing the cake’s delicate crumb.


Tips for a Perfect Sponge Cake

1. **Room Temperature Ingredients**: Ensure that your eggs and butter are at room temperature. This helps them mix more evenly and trap more air, resulting in a better rise.

2. **Proper Beating**: Beat the eggs and sugar until the mixture is thick and pale. This usually takes about 8-10 minutes with an electric mixer on high speed.

3. **Gentle Folding**: When incorporating the dry ingredients, use a gentle folding motion to avoid deflating the batter. A spatula is ideal for this process.

4. **Consistent Oven Temperature**: Preheat your oven and ensure it’s at the correct temperature before baking. An oven thermometer can be useful for accuracy.

5. **Avoid Overbaking**: Bake the cake just until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean. Overbaking can result in a dry cake.


Serving and Storing

A Classic Vanilla Sponge Cake is versatile in its serving options. It can be enjoyed plain, dusted with powdered sugar, or paired with fresh berries and whipped cream for a light dessert. For a more indulgent treat, consider layering it with buttercream or frosting and decorating it with your favorite toppings.

If you have leftovers, store the sponge cake in an airtight container at room temperature for up to three days. For longer storage, wrap the cake tightly in plastic wrap and freeze for up to three months. Thaw at room temperature before serving.



The Classic Vanilla Sponge Cake is a testament to the beauty of simplicity in baking. Its delicate flavor and airy texture make it a timeless favorite, suitable for any occasion. Whether you’re an experienced baker or a novice, this recipe offers a delightful baking experience with a delicious reward. Enjoy the process, savor the results, and share the joy of this classic cake with friends and family.



Classic Vanilla Sponge Cake Recipe


– 1 cup (120g) all-purpose flour
– 1 cup (200g) granulated sugar
– 4 large eggs, room temperature
– 1 tsp vanilla extract
– 1/4 cup (60ml) whole milk, warm
– 1/2 tsp salt
– 1 tsp baking powder
– 1/2 cup (115g) unsalted butter, melted and cooled
– Powdered sugar, for dusting



1. **Preheat the Oven**: Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C). Grease and line the bottom of an 8-inch round cake pan with parchment paper.

2. **Prepare the Dry Ingredients**: In a medium bowl, sift together the flour, baking powder, and salt. Set aside.

3. **Beat the Eggs and Sugar**: In a large mixing bowl, beat the eggs and granulated sugar together using an electric mixer on high speed until the mixture is pale, thick, and tripled in volume, about 8-10 minutes.

4. **Add Vanilla and Milk**: Gently fold in the vanilla extract and warm milk into the egg mixture until just combined.

5. **Incorporate the Dry Ingredients**: Gradually sift the dry ingredients over the egg mixture, folding gently with a spatula after each addition. Be careful not to deflate the batter.

6. **Add Melted Butter**: Slowly drizzle the melted butter around the edge of the batter and gently fold it in until fully incorporated.

7. **Bake the Cake**: Pour the batter into the prepared cake pan and smooth the top. Bake in the preheated oven for 25-30 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean.

8. **Cool and Serve**: Let the cake cool in the pan for 10 minutes, then transfer to a wire rack to cool completely. Once cooled, dust with powdered sugar before serving.


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